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Gujarat as an Education Destination

Updated on: Apr 16, 2013
The Central Government with the help of the State Governments has been emphasizing on the universalisation of elementary education in the country since India’s independence. States like Gujarat have participated actively in the race to make the task more convenient and faster. Gujarat has set its goals on educating each and every citizen of the state and also to strengthen the education status of the state.

The state follows a uniform structure of school education i.e. the 10+2 system which has also been adopted by other states and union territories of India. The high school stage comprises of class VIII to X and higher secondary stage comprises of class XI-XII. The secondary education plays a vital role in a student’s academic career as it is the appropriate time for the student to decide upon his/her career.

Programmes like the District Primary Education Programme have made primary education compulsory and free for all. Schools in the state are affiliated with the Gujarat state secondary and higher secondary board. However, some schools are also affiliated with the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) or the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (ICSE) boards.

Gujarat houses some of the best higher education institutions in the country namely the Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad, Nirma Institue of Technology and Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information & Communication Technology which are also known worldwide for their quality education and research. There are several outstanding research institutes viz. Institute for Plasma Research, Physical Research Laboratory (PRL). The state has a total number of 15 universities including deemed universities and institutes of national importance.

Administration Structure

Gujarat State Ministry Departments Allocated Block/Floor Office /Intercom Res.
Smt. Anandiben Mafatbhai Patel
Email: min-edu@gujarat.gov.in
Education (school, higher and adult) 1/2 23223080
23238073
23250149
23220132
23232441
Shri Bhupendra Lakhawala Education(primary) 2/5 23250195
23250197
23250199
 


Growth Of Recognised Educational Institutions From 1950-51 To 2001-2002


Years Primary Schools Upper Primary Schools High/Hr. Sec/ Inter /Pre. Jr. Colleges Colleges for General Education Colleges for Professional Education (Engg., Tech.,  Arch., Medical & Education  colleges) Universities/
Deemed Univ../ Instt.
of National Importance

1950-51

209671 13596 7416 370 208 27

1955-56

278135 21730 10838 466 218 31

1960-61

330399 49663 17329 967 852 45

1965-66

391064 75798 27614 1536 770 64

1970-71

408378 90621 37051 2285 992 82

1975-76

454270 106571 43054 3667 **  3276 101

1980-81

494503 118555 51573 3421 **  3542 110

1985-86

528872 134846 65837 4067 **  1533 126

1990-91

560935 151456 79796 4862 886 184

1991-92

566744 155926 82576 5058 950 196

1992-93

571248 158498 84608 5334 989  207

1993-94

570455 162804 89226 5639 1125  213

1994-95

586810 168772 94946 6089 1230  219

1995-96

593410 174145 99274 6569 1354  226

1996-97

603646 180293 103241 6759 1770  228

1997-98

619222 185961 107140 7199 2075  229

1998-99*

626737 190166 112438 7494 2113 237

1999-2000*

641695 198004 116820 7782 2124 244

2000-2001*

638738 206269 126047 7929 2223 254

2001-2002*

664041 219626 133492 8737 2409 272
The following tables give the latest figures of primary schools, upper primary schools and area-wise distribution of schools in Gujarat.

Percentage of Primary Schools Under Different Management


Year Govt. Local Body(LB) Govt. + LB Private Aided Private Un-aided
1973-74 50.88 42.47 93.34 5.01 1.64
1978-79 38.96 55.03 93.99 4.42 1.59
1986-87 41.37 51.71 93.08 4.34 2.57
1993-94 44.63 47.47 92.10 3.78 4.12
1996-97 47.78 43.88 91.66 3.34 5.00
2001-02* 47.45 43.47 90.92 3.07 6.01

Percentage of Upper Primary Schools Under Different Managements


Year Govt. Local Body(LB) Govt. + LB Private Aided Private Un-aided
1973-74 50.71 26.86 77.57 17.75 4.67
1978-79 40.31 38.13 78.44 16.90 4.66
1986-87 42.79 32.33 75.12 16.30 8.58
1993-94 45.94 33.51 79.45 9.53 11.02
1996-97 46.41 29.13 75.54 10.25 14.20
2001-02* 47.36 29.05 76.41 7.81 15.77

Percentage of High/Higher Secondary Schools Under Different Managements


Year Govt. Local Body(LB) Govt. + LB Private Aided Private Un-aided
1973-74 26.54 10.85 37.39 57.02 5.59
1978-79 30.44 8.71 39.15 57.30 3.55
1986-87 37.49 7.73 45.22 44.79 9.99
1993-94 37.76 9.29 47.05 37.78 15.17
1996-97 38.96 6.74 45.70 36.20 18.10
2001-02* 36.16 6.29 42.45 33.99 23.56

Area-wise Primary Schools

No District Rural
area
Urban area Total
1 Ahmedabad 1243 1163 2406
2 Amreli 806 172 978
3 Anand 1040 174 1214
4 Banaskantha 1972 222 2194
5 Bharuch 1086 145 1231
6 Bhavnagar 1057 294 1351
7 Dahod 1929 139 2068
8 Dang 409 14 423
9 Gandhinagar 432 263 695
10 Jamnagar 953 330 1283
11 Junagadh 1294 443 1737
12 Kheda 1671 170 1841
13 Kutch 1351 232 1583
14 Mehsana 865 295 1160
15 Narmada 743 31 774
16 Navsari 730 91 821
17 Panchmahal 2066 292 2358
18 Patan 832 94 926
19 Porbandar 259 80 339
20 Rajkot 1451 481 1932
21 Sabarkantha 2423 257 2680
22 Surat 1885 717 2602
23 Surendranagar 926 185 1111
24 Vadodara 2069 639 2708
25 Valsad 1003 83 1086
  Total 30495 7006 37501

Secondary and Higher Secondary Schools

Sr. District Secondary Higher Secondary Total
Boys Girls Total Boys Girls Total Boys Girls Total
1 Ahmedabad 433 29 462 329 29 358 762 58 820
2 Amreli 120 6 126 32 13 45 152 19 171
3 Anand 156 12 168 71 7 78 227 19 246
4 Banaskantha 126 4 130 44 9 53 170 13 183
5 Bharuch 227 6 233 78 7 85 305 13 318
6 Bhavnagar 155 9 164 76 7 83 231 16 247
7 Dahod 175 12 187 35 19 54 210 31 241
8 Dang 320 15 335 89 11 100 409 26 435
9 Gandhinagar 18 1 19 3 1 4 21 2 23
10 Jamnagar 139 12 151 61 4 65 200 16 216
11 Junagadh 40 1 41 17 1 18 57 2 59
12 Kheda 60 3 63 68 7 75 128 10 138
13 Kutch 153 9 162 52 4 56 205 13 218
14 Mehsana 36 4 40 13 4 17 49 8 57
15 Narmada 293 12 305 108 2 110 401 14 415
16 Navsari 186 13 199 68 8 76 254 21 275
17 Panchmahal 138 4 142 50 1 51 188 5 193
18 Patan 168 8 176 63 13 76 231 21 252
19 Porbandar 278 21 299 114 9 123 392 30 422
20 Rajkot 394 18 412 101 44 145 495 62 557
21 Sabarkantha 217 8 225 173 9 182 390 17 407
22 Surat 95 1 96 42 2 44 137 3 140
23 Surendranagar 307 16 323 215 13 228 522 29 551
24 Vadodara 328 21 349 172 22 194 500 43 543
25 Valsad 135 8 143 30 8 38 165 16 181
  Total 4697 253 4950 2104 254 2358 6801 507 7308

Census Year Crude Literacy Rates Change in percent points
Persons Male Female Persons Male Female
1901 5.35 9.83 0.60 - - -
1911 5.92 10.56 1.05 0.57 0.73 0.45
1921 7.16 12.21 1.81 1.24 1.65 0.76
1931 9.50 15.59 2.93 2.34 3.38 1.12
1941 16.10 24.90 7.30 6.60 9.31 4.37
1951 16.67 24.95 7.93 0.57 0.05 0.63
1961 24.02 34.44 12.95 7.35 9.49 5.02
1971 29.45 39.45 18.69 5.43 5.01 5.74
1981 36.23 46.89 24.82 6.78 7.44 6.13
1991 42.84 52.74 32.17 6.61 5.85 7.35
2001 55.30 64.13 45.84 12.46 11.39 13.67
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